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STD's That Cause Infertility

STD's That Cause Infertility


An untreated sexually transmitted disease (STD) can have devastating effects on your fertility. Unfortunately, some STD's have no noticeable symptoms for some women, so you may not even realize that you have an STD until it's too late. Some STD's that cause infertility spread even with the use of a condom or other protective barrier, so practicing safer sex often is not enough.

Chlamydia, gonorrhea and genital herpes can cause scarring in your fallopian tubes, which can prevent you from conceiving. While gonorrhea and chlamydia are treated with antibiotics and will go away, herpes will be with you for a lifetime. You might have very few outbreaks of genital sores if properly managed with medication, but the disease is still present and contagious.

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) can lead to infertility in women, and also has no cure. Your immune system will reduce it to a very low level, and it may cause no problems at all. It will, however, be in your system for the rest of your life.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a complication that arises from chlamydia and gonorrhea, and 40% of women who are not treated for their STD will develop this condition. PID also leads to infertility, or an ectopic pregnancy, where the fertilized egg begins to grow in the fallopian tubes rather than in the uterus. This condition leads to a miscarriage, but in severe cases it can cause death to a pregnant woman.

If you're sexually active, you should be getting tested for STD's by your doctor each year when you go for your physical exam. STD's like chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes and HPV are usually detected with a Pap test, while HIV/AIDS will show in a blood screening.
It's important that you see your doctor before you plan on becoming pregnant, so you can undergo STD testing. If you have an active STD, your doctor may be able to treat it with antibiotics, and if it's a lifelong condition such as herpes or HIV/AIDS, he or she can give you information on how best to manage and minimize the risk of transmission to your baby. Some STD's can travel through the placenta to your fetus, while others can only be transmitted through the birth canal.
If you have scarring in your fallopian tubes, you may have to undergo surgery to repair the damage. Women who have extensive scarring may have to look at adoption or surrogate parenting options, as they could be unable to conceive naturally.

 


 
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