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Infertility Therapies and Treatments

Infertility Therapies and Treatments

If you're having trouble conceiving, you're not alone. There are millions of couples in the US who seek the help of fertility specialists each year. If you've been having unprotected sex for a year (if you're under 35) or for six months (if you're over 35) and haven't had any luck, you're advised to see a doctor. Fortunately, there are many treatments and therapies for infertility that can help.

Before your doctor decides on the proper treatment for your infertility, he or she will perform a variety of tests. The physician will look at the male's sperm count and check for defective or slow moving sperm. The doctor may take a closer look at the woman's ovaries and uterus with a scope this will usually be performed in the office. Other tests may include blood or cervical mucous samples, as well as a physical exam of both partners.

If an infertility problem is diagnosed, your doctor will discuss the best potential therapy for you. Besides fertility drugs to increase your odds of ovulating and conceiving a child, these are some infertility treatments that can be very successful:

IVF: Short for in vitro fertilization, this is the term given to the procedure where some of the women's eggs are withdrawn from the ovaries, and then fertilized with the male's sperm in a lab. If conception occurs, the fertilized eggs are then placed back in the uterus in the hopes that one of them will mature. The fertility specialist will put the right amount of fertilized eggs back in the uterus too few, and there will be small hope of pregnancy, too many and the woman could end up with a quadruple or more pregnancy. Today, doctors are even able to determine which embryos are healthiest for implantation, so that multiple treatments aren't required, and the risk of a high risk pregnancy is reduced.

Intrauterine Insemination: The physician selects healthy sperm and releases them into the uterus during ovulation, making it easier for the sperm to reach the egg.

Cryopreservation of Embryos: This is a relatively new technique, and one that has many people divided as embryos that aren't implanted are frozen and used later. This means doctors can retrieve eggs just once from a woman, and keep fertilized embryos for another time.

Surrogate Parent/ Egg Donor: With an egg donor, the male's sperm is used to fertilize a healthy egg from another woman, and then implanted into the spouse to carry the baby to term. This is a type of treatment for couples in which the female doesn't produce viable eggs. A surrogate parent is a woman selected to carry the baby as well us undergo in vitro fertilization with the male's sperm.


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